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Madurai, the capital city of Madurai district is located on the
banks of the Vaigai River in Tamil Nadu. Popularly known as the temple
city, Madurai is well known for its old legacy, impressive architecture,
food & cuisine and contemporary modern lifestyle. The famous
Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple is situated in the center of the city
attracting a large number of pilgrim visitors from around the world.
Besides being a pilgrimage town, Madurai is considered to be the major
hub for various industries such as automobile, chemical, granite,
textile and manufacturing industries.
At present, the industrial
sectors of the city have adopted a multi-pronged approach with the main
aim to develop various industrial establishments around the city. There
are number of small scale industries in Madurai which ensures to create
a sizeable income of the State’s revenue. Now, let us look at some of
the major industries in Madurai in a detailed manner:
Automobile Industries in Madurai
Madurai is termed to be the popular industrial and business center that holds a large number of automobile component manufacturing industries. Due to the excess demand of automobiles in the city, the Government of Tamil Nadu planned and constructed a large scale industry for automobile sector in Kappalur. It is estimated to know that there are lakhs of automobiles available in and around the Madurai district. If you are in search of any automobile components, then you can visit the city as there are more than 300 automobile spare parts dealers in the district.
The automobiles are manufactured by utilizing certain essential raw materials like paint, iron steel, rubber sheets, tin sheets, etc. Further, the infrastructure facilities of the automobile industry is developed in a effective manner enabling to attract the FDI to create more automobile car manufacturing industries in the city. Some of the important auto components required for automobiles include forged press metal components, IC engine, springs, radiator, wheels, silencers, chasis and much more. Few of the large scale units are operating auto parts manufacturing business in the Madurai area and they include Sundaram Fastners (Kariapatti), Sri Chakkra Tyres, T.V.S. Automobiles Service Station, Madras Suspension and Hi-Tech Arai (Export Unit).
Dairy Industries in Madurai
Madurai district is situated in agriculture based area where the population of cattle and buffaloes are more in number. This has enabled the government to construct milk chilling plants in Madurai city and Palamedu village. Moreover, the district is able to get 237.25 lakhs of milks from 375 numbers of milk societies. Unlike other cities, Madurai holds an active dairy industry with a large of milk societies operating in and around the area. Obula Padithurai, Sellur, Avaniyapuram, Keerathurai, Kamarajapuram, North Maasi Street and Pechiamman are some of the popular areas for dairy farming. Considering the dairy wealth in the city, Aavin have developed one chilling plant in Madurai and another chilling plant is constructed in Palamedu village.
The Madurai Aavin is one of the largest dairies that are located in the southern part of Tamil Nadu. Initially, the Madurai Aavin was established as the Milk project in the year of 1967 and the entire project were funded by the UNICEF. After some time, the Madurai Aavin came under the control of Tamil Nadu Dairy Development Corporation Limited. It is a cooperative organization located in the area of 39.42 acres of land in the Madurai-Sivagangai Highways. At present, the Madurai Aavin Unit distributes 3 Lakhs litres of milk to major areas of the other districts.
Textile Industries in Madurai
Basically, the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu is considered to be the major textile spinning centre in the country. It is believed that Madurai and its surrounding areas have witnessing a steady growth in powerloom weaving and readymade garment industry during the past years. With the main goal to establish in the industry, the handloom units have classified their product range and slowly entered into the export market. Various industrial organizations requested the Government to allocate separate service centres on the pattern of PSC (for powerlooms), WSC (for handlooms), ATDC (for apparels) and much more.
Recently, the Ministry of Textiles have come up with an innovative idea of establishing common Textile Testing and Development Centre (TTDC) to provide solutions for all the textile and clothing industry in one roof. This development centre offers a wide range of facilities such as textile testing laboratory, equipment for maintaining spinning machinery, knitting, mini-cabinet dyeing machine and powerlooms. Added to this, the textile manufacturers of the Madurai district have promoted one textile park in the name of M/s Madurai Integrated Textile Park Ltd. It is exactly located at Thathampatty (Village) Vadipatti in which the estimated project cost of the textile park is 100 crores.
Plastic Industries in Madurai
Plastic Industries plays an important role in the city of Madurai with hundreds of small and medium units operating in and around the district. Few records estimate that Madurai-based plastic industries contribute of around 10% for the Tamil Nadu’s plastic goods market. Water tanks, pots and colorful bags are some of the popular plastic products manufactured by the plastic industries in Madurai. It is believed that the plastic industries in Madurai produce 4,000 to 5000 tonnes of different plastic products in a month. In order to develop the status of this particular industry, the Plastic Manufacturers’ Association (PLASMA) was created by the Tamil Nadu Plastics Manufacturing Association. Further, the members of the Plastic association include Madurai Acme Enterprises Pvt. Ltd, Anjali Plastic Products, Arun Plastics, Pandiyan Plastic Industries, Super Plastics, Tajdeen Plastics and much more.
There are number of plastic manufacturers located in the Madurai city and they include Pandiyan Plastic Industries, Reliance Industries, Perfect Plastic, Hijra Plastics Pvt Ltd, Anantha Plastics, Minerva Plastic Industrial, etc. Due to excess power shortage, the city plastic manufacturers are facing great difficulty in manufacturing the plastic products. For this purpose, they have started to procure plastic goods from plastic industries in Puducherry and sell them locally. The members of the PLASMA reveal that they are able to get more profit in trading than manufacturing products.